Origins of Indonesian Batik

Indonesian Batik has a worldwide recognition.

The word "batik" is Indonesian in origin, even if the concept was known by Egyptians and Indians. It is known to be more than a millenium old, and there are evidences that cloth decorated through some form of resist technique was in use in the early centuries AD in several West African, Middle-Eastern and Asian communities.

The word Batik is originally an Indonesian-Malay word and derives propbably from 'titik' which means to dot .This art of textile is well spread in the hindu and malay world, but Indonesia is certainly the heart of the Batik.This way of painting and coloring on textile cloth has reached its higher degree of excellence in the Island of Java , in cities like Solo, Yogyakarta, Pekalongan or Cirebon. From Java this 'batik' cloth was exported to other islands of the archipelago and to the Malay peninsula.

Girl wearing Indonesian Batik 01 Girl wearing Indonesian Batik 02
Young Indonesian woman wearing traditional batik clothes.

On the 17th century, the Javanese sultanate of Mataram accorded important ceremonial functions to the Batik clothes. Sultan Agung of Mataram is known to have dressed in white cotton decorated with Indigo blue, and his court dancers wore kain kembangan colored with a red organic dye. He could be considered as a pioneer in the usage of the the batik clothes in the Javanese Courts.

 

During the past two or three centuries batik has become one of the principal means of expression of the spiritual and cultural values of Indonesia, but also this was spread around the Southeast Asia region.

Indonesian Batik Origins 03

 

 

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